How to write a reflection

Reflective practice is important in Higher Education and in the work place. Good reflections should be an integral part of every student E-portfolio. Use the resources and tips on this page to help you to write good reflections on your learning.

How to reflect in 5 easy steps


It is important that you learn how to write a good reflection early on in your studies.  Below are 5 easy steps to follow when writing your reflection for an artefact or for a category in your e-portfolio. You can remember the steps by memorising the acronym STARL which is made up of the first letters of the five steps.

STARL: Your 5 easy steps for reflection

  1. Situation – describe the context in which the experience occurred.

  2. Task – describe what was actually required of you in the situation.

  3. Action – describe the steps that you personally took in response to the task. When reflecting on your actions, ask yourself why you chose to respond in that particular way.

  4. Result – describe the outcome of your actions. How did your actions contribute to the completion of the task? How did your actions affect the final outcome of the situation?

  5. Learnt – describe the things you have learned from the experience. Highlight any skills or abilities that you have developed or improved as a result of the experience. Think about how you might apply what you’ve learned to other situations.

Finally, try to keep it brief and precise.


Some additional reflection questions you might want to ask yourself


  • Which artefact is your best work? Why?
  • Which artefact is your most important work? Why?
  • Which artefact is your most satisfying work? Why?
  • Which artefact is your most unsatisfying work? Why?
  • In which artefact did you stretch yourself the most, taking the greatest risk in what you tried to do?
  • List three things you learned by completing this ePortfolio.
  • What does this ePortfolio say about you as an emerging professional or scholar in this discipline?
  • What are your goals for continuing to learn about this discipline

(Adapted from Suskie, Linda. 2008. Assessing Student Learning: A common sense guide. 2nd ed. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, p. 207)


ePortfolio: May's Reflective Learning

Reflective practice in action at university and beyond


Knight Telison
07 August 2015, 12:46 AM

Thank you very much for such helpful steps given above. I'll try my best to write a good reflection guided by these 5 steps you have taught me of.



22 August 2015, 11:05 AM

Thanks for this clarification on Reflection - Really Informative and helped guided me in writing my reflection on certain topics

Temaro Iebo
06 September 2015, 3:40 AM

oh thanks for the explanation or the guide on how to write Reflection__it totally helpful and useful to me..Thank you so much

priyanka kumar
17 September 2015, 4:46 PM

thankyou for the guide on steps for reflection.

Jimmy Malay Simeon
25 September 2015, 10:49 AM

ohhhh... Men,


This 5 easy steps will help and guide myself to improve writing reflections. So much thanks to you.

27 September 2015, 1:56 PM

Thank you alot for the help.

30 September 2015, 8:34 AM

Thank you very much! This is very helpful :) .... The 5 steps given is a huge relieve and is very helpful.



Attison Lala
17 October 2015, 1:10 PM

Thank you..SO Much for the 5 helpful tips. Really  guide and helpful! MERCI......

28 October 2015, 4:35 PM

Thank you for giving these five steps (STARL) it helps a lot.

Adi Norma Koroitamana
29 October 2015, 10:22 AM

thank so much for your help. Really appreciate it alot