How to write a reflection

Reflective practice is important in Higher Education and in the work place. Good reflections should be an integral part of every student E-portfolio. Use the resources and tips on this page to help you to write good reflections on your learning.

How to reflect in 5 easy steps


It is important that you learn how to write a good reflection early on in your studies.  Below are 5 easy steps to follow when writing your reflection for an artefact or for a category in your e-portfolio. You can remember the steps by memorising the acronym STARL which is made up of the first letters of the five steps.

STARL: Your 5 easy steps for reflection

  1. Situation – describe the context in which the experience occurred.

  2. Task – describe what was actually required of you in the situation.

  3. Action – describe the steps that you personally took in response to the task. When reflecting on your actions, ask yourself why you chose to respond in that particular way.

  4. Result – describe the outcome of your actions. How did your actions contribute to the completion of the task? How did your actions affect the final outcome of the situation?

  5. Learnt – describe the things you have learned from the experience. Highlight any skills or abilities that you have developed or improved as a result of the experience. Think about how you might apply what you’ve learned to other situations.

Finally, try to keep it brief and precise.


Some additional reflection questions you might want to ask yourself


  • Which artefact is your best work? Why?
  • Which artefact is your most important work? Why?
  • Which artefact is your most satisfying work? Why?
  • Which artefact is your most unsatisfying work? Why?
  • In which artefact did you stretch yourself the most, taking the greatest risk in what you tried to do?
  • List three things you learned by completing this ePortfolio.
  • What does this ePortfolio say about you as an emerging professional or scholar in this discipline?
  • What are your goals for continuing to learn about this discipline

(Adapted from Suskie, Linda. 2008. Assessing Student Learning: A common sense guide. 2nd ed. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, p. 207)


ePortfolio: May's Reflective Learning

Reflective practice in action at university and beyond


Isimeli Raikabakaba
23 March 2016, 8:51 PM

Thanks for helping.

28 March 2016, 11:02 PM

Thank you for the clarifications on reflections, the 5 steps really helped and guide me.

20 May 2016, 10:44 AM

Yes, the explanation above is really helpful. It is useful in writing good reflection. Thanks a lot.

24 May 2016, 8:03 PM

Thank you indeed for this useful guide, it is much appreciated!

Fakafetai lahi 

26 May 2016, 9:49 PM

The reflection of every unit done is good in away that it summarises or urge one to express his opinion on lesson reflect means to look back and think of all the ways one is able to complete his or her work.


Lisa Posimani
27 May 2016, 7:47 AM

Thanks.  Without the aid of this acronym (the 5 steps) I would have been utterly confused.  Vinaka

Charles Gabily
26 July 2016, 9:16 AM
Charles Gabily
26 July 2016, 9:18 AM

This Reflective style is very simple and so easy for student like me to understand.



Miriama Nawaikula
26 July 2016, 9:19 PM

Thank you , thank you so much for this help.I really appreciate how helpful the above information is.


01 August 2016, 5:16 PM

thanks a lot  for the very well informed tips, it really helps.