How to write a reflection

Reflective practice is important in Higher Education and in the work place. Good reflections should be an integral part of every student E-portfolio. Use the resources and tips on this page to help you to write good reflections on your learning.

How to reflect in 5 easy steps


It is important that you learn how to write a good reflection early on in your studies.  Below are 5 easy steps to follow when writing your reflection for an artefact or for a category in your e-portfolio. You can remember the steps by memorising the acronym STARL which is made up of the first letters of the five steps.

STARL: Your 5 easy steps for reflection

  1. Situation – describe the context in which the experience occurred.

  2. Task – describe what was actually required of you in the situation.

  3. Action – describe the steps that you personally took in response to the task. When reflecting on your actions, ask yourself why you chose to respond in that particular way.

  4. Result – describe the outcome of your actions. How did your actions contribute to the completion of the task? How did your actions affect the final outcome of the situation?

  5. Learnt – describe the things you have learned from the experience. Highlight any skills or abilities that you have developed or improved as a result of the experience. Think about how you might apply what you’ve learned to other situations.

Finally, try to keep it brief and precise.


Some additional reflection questions you might want to ask yourself


  • Which artefact is your best work? Why?
  • Which artefact is your most important work? Why?
  • Which artefact is your most satisfying work? Why?
  • Which artefact is your most unsatisfying work? Why?
  • In which artefact did you stretch yourself the most, taking the greatest risk in what you tried to do?
  • List three things you learned by completing this ePortfolio.
  • What does this ePortfolio say about you as an emerging professional or scholar in this discipline?
  • What are your goals for continuing to learn about this discipline

(Adapted from Suskie, Linda. 2008. Assessing Student Learning: A common sense guide. 2nd ed. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, p. 207)


ePortfolio: May's Reflective Learning

Reflective practice in action at university and beyond


Kasanita Leano Rokotakala
07 March 2017, 10:49 PM
Thanks ☺☺ Very Helpful indeed ✋
Barry kennethy kaltovei
08 March 2017, 7:58 PM

the 5 steps called STARL really helped me on how to write reflections, thanks alot.

08 March 2017, 9:53 PM

The additional help is highly appreciated.

12 April 2017, 11:10 PM

thanks alot for guiding. i really appreciate it.

thanks very much for the support.may god bless you

25 July 2017, 11:13 PM

This is a great and effective tool for our studies. It actually has really helped me in understanding how to study online and expose me to new knowledge.

31 July 2017, 11:40 AM

This University proved themselves credits yet again for international standard from whatever help it offers to standard directions and guides. Thanks for these lifebuoys in my drowning experience right now.

Ruveni Navosavuku
04 August 2017, 9:54 AM

following this steps makes work easier for me.  thanks alot..


Makitalena Tuimaisala
04 August 2017, 12:45 PM

Thanks alot . This five steps will help me and guide myself to improve writing reflection. Thankyou so much.

04 August 2017, 2:19 PM

Thank you for the assistance given.