How to write a reflection

Reflective practice is important in Higher Education and in the work place. Good reflections should be an integral part of every student E-portfolio. Use the resources and tips on this page to help you to write good reflections on your learning.

How to reflect in 5 easy steps


It is important that you learn how to write a good reflection early on in your studies.  Below are 5 easy steps to follow when writing your reflection for an artefact or for a category in your e-portfolio. You can remember the steps by memorising the acronym STARL which is made up of the first letters of the five steps.

STARL: Your 5 easy steps for reflection

  1. Situation – describe the context in which the experience occurred.

  2. Task – describe what was actually required of you in the situation.

  3. Action – describe the steps that you personally took in response to the task. When reflecting on your actions, ask yourself why you chose to respond in that particular way.

  4. Result – describe the outcome of your actions. How did your actions contribute to the completion of the task? How did your actions affect the final outcome of the situation?

  5. Learnt – describe the things you have learned from the experience. Highlight any skills or abilities that you have developed or improved as a result of the experience. Think about how you might apply what you’ve learned to other situations.

Finally, try to keep it brief and precise.


Some additional reflection questions you might want to ask yourself


  • Which artefact is your best work? Why?
  • Which artefact is your most important work? Why?
  • Which artefact is your most satisfying work? Why?
  • Which artefact is your most unsatisfying work? Why?
  • In which artefact did you stretch yourself the most, taking the greatest risk in what you tried to do?
  • List three things you learned by completing this ePortfolio.
  • What does this ePortfolio say about you as an emerging professional or scholar in this discipline?
  • What are your goals for continuing to learn about this discipline

(Adapted from Suskie, Linda. 2008. Assessing Student Learning: A common sense guide. 2nd ed. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, p. 207)


ePortfolio: May's Reflective Learning

Reflective practice in action at university and beyond


04 August 2017, 3:13 PM

Thanks for the guide.....It really helped a lot.

Ezekiel Darrell Ramo
04 August 2017, 4:49 PM

Hi, quite new to reflective writing but as the steps are given now i do have some guidelines to guide me when writing my reflections.

Thanks for the helpful note on reflective writing, really appreciate it

04 August 2017, 9:58 PM

The 5 steps make it very easy to do reflections.


Mike Raupepe
07 August 2017, 8:34 PM

Thanks for the steps of reflection ..


23 September 2017, 10:13 AM

Appreciate the hints into writing a good reflection....thanks alot

Stephanie Ilaisa
12 October 2017, 8:17 PM
Thanks for the helpful tip.. :)
Pudzee malsale
10 February 2018, 8:11 PM

STARL- reflection easy steps and really guide me and help in writing a reflection. 

Katarina Petueli
16 February 2018, 8:40 AM

Good morning all. Thank you very much for the great help in uploading the steps for writing  the reflections regarding this unit.

Libby Tamanisaqa
25 February 2018, 5:55 AM

thank you so much...for this 5 wonderful hints,i hope that i can do my work better 

07 March 2018, 1:49 PM

Thank You, for the helps alot